White paper on requirements for future mobility systems
D2.1 contains a distillation of the Mobility Survey findings and is aimed for the transport disability group of the EU Parliament and other transport and disability policy makers in the Member States.
Quantitative survey report (1st version)
The 2020 European Sustainable and Smart Mobility Strategy highlight key actions for making new mobility solutions affordable, accessible, and safe for all passengers including those with access needs due to specific access needs. We present disabled users’ mobility needs and challenges, and initial attitudes towards future mobility and associated technology trends based on a survey among Europeans with disabilities to inform policy directions, investment decisions, and transport plans.
Our findings suggest that an interactive, real-time, accessible journey planner would motivate users to travel and make their journey more independent, faster, easier, nicer, and safer. Bike sharing, e-scooters, and motorbike taxis are largely rejected in their current format. Microtransit and cable cars, ride pooling and robotaxis are quite promising alternatives, but we should pay special consideration to disabled women’s reservations around safety. Cycle lanes hold a promise for participants upon modification.
According to our findings, people with disabilities are open to using augmented reality, robots, artificial intelligence alerts, and wearables and we should consider their seamless integration for improving the overall levels of urban transport accessibility.
Our report also offers high-level design directions, as well as policy and industry recommendations for considerations.
MDI – Mobility Divide Index
D4.1 describes an innovative accessibility evaluation methodology: the Mobility Divide Index (MDI).
The MDI aims to measure the existing mobility gaps between people with disabilities and non-disabled citizens towards public transport services.
Based on the lack of comprehensive and easy-to-use accessibility metrics, we took practical steps to involve people with access needs to co-design the MDI investigating and prioritizing the main criticalities that affect their daily travel experience.
In short, this document describes step-by-step our approach to create the MDI as a set of indicators to be rated by people with different access needs to a) provide evidence of the main criticalities to be addressed through the design and implementation of new inclusive mobility solutions, b) guide the design of new inclusive mobility solutions and measure their impacts and c) inform the transport sector encouraging positive changes in transport by providing recommendations for policy-making, new directions for service innovation, improvements and practical advice or highlighting investment priorities to pave the way for a more inclusive mobility.
User evaluations and Design Concepts
D4.2 describes how persons with a disability experience public transport. In 7 co-design workshops, people with a disability from different European countries evaluated different mobility solutions and new technologies. Together with transport providers and other stakeholders, they developed suggestions to improve public transport for persons with a disability and older citizens. The report presents and analysis the results of these workshops, and gives a description of the design and implementation of the workshops.
A Prioritised List of Potential Inclusive Mobility Solutions and barriers to adoption
D4.3 explains design concepts to improve the independent mobility of persons with a disability. The design concepts are divided into disruptive innovations, that would transform public transport, and incremental innovations that would improve public transport in little steps. Workshop participants assessed which innovations were desirable and feasible based on the Mobility Divide Index (MDI) and a Political, Economic, Social and Technological (PEST) analysis. Also the social impact of each innovation and potential impact on access to transport were analyzed. Workshop participants also evaluated the political, economic, social and technological barriers and enablers that could influence implementation. Based on their evaluation, the feasibility and technological readiness were assessed.
Report on Digital Technology Trends Impacts and Related Policies
D3.2 explores current digital technology trends to investigate their impact on inclusive mobility. We start by identifying and describing trending technological domains in a standard format. Then, we focus on real-world applications, especially inclusive mobility applications. The final purpose of the deliverable is to understand how disrupting technologies can fill the mobility gaps experienced by disabled people.
In short: In this document, we explore current digital technology trends and their impact on future inclusive mobility solutions.
Report on Accessibility Standards and Legislation
D3.3 is about accessibility related standards and legislation. It covers the state-of-the-art of legislation (especially where referring to standards), existing formal and informal standards and ongoing standardisation activities, as well as of pertinent (preferably standards-based) certification schemes. It provides information on efforts to coordinate standardisation activities falling under the scope of this project. The investigation extends towards harmonised or non-harmonised use of controlled (written or oral) communication across platforms, including non-linguistic forms of communication (icons, cartoons, etc.) and potential communication barriers to certain user groups.
Report on Assistive Technologies Trends Impacts and Related Policies
D3.4 explores the trends and state of the art in Digital Assistive Technologies in order to identify their potential impact on future mobility solutions. Assistive technologies have potential impact on all aspects of the life of users and in planning and promoting access to transport systems. Those charged with implementation should understand this opportunity to ensure an equitable and consistent approach across domains.
In short, the document seeks to guide the reader in understanding the impact of emerging technologies on the design of current and innovative transport systems for personal mobility to support inclusion of people with a disability.
Method Framing Document. Internal draft delivery
D5.1 outlines the theoretical background for the method design work in the TRIPS project. Based on this background, we describe an area of work and potentials for innovation. We define the main strategies for user involvement, with attention paid to Covid-19 mitigations. Together this forms the foundation for the main deliverable of TRIPS: a tested and validated codesign methodology that can be adapted to engage disabled people in open innovation for future mobility solutions.
In short: In this text, we write about the history of participation with people, and we describe how we will work in the project.
Qualitative Insights report
D2.2 synthesizes insights gained from researcher observations and in-depth interviews with disabled people about their journeys and mobility needs, challenges and attitudes toward mobility solutions and criteria for travel, as well as their approaches to transport service barriers they have to face day by day.
D3.1 describes the findings of a desktop research concerning new mobility services across Europe focusing on service and operational concepts from a disabled users’ perspective, highlighting disability-related gaps. The report includes indications about existing relevant service standards and a provision of examples of good practice where these already exist.